This picture taken on Dec. 13, 2014 shows a man drinking beer from a tower as his friends look on at a local open-air beer bar in downtown Ho Chi Minh City. (AFP Photo/Hoang Dinh Nam)

Off the Wagon: Vietnam’s Binge-Drinking Problem


FEBRUARY 13, 2015

In this picture taken on Dec. 7, 2014, a man sits drinking ‘bia hoi,’ a local light beer, during a local beer festival in Hanoi. (AFP Photo/Hoang Dinh Nam)

Ho Chi Minh City. A scantily clad DJ gyrates to ear-splitting music as the crowd of drinkers order more towers of lager: welcome to The Hangover, one of a new crop of "beer clubs" raising concerns about Vietnam’s drinking culture.

At as little as 30 US cents a glass, the communist country has long been one of the cheapest places in the world to buy a beer and, over the last few years, alcohol consumption has been rising at one of the fastest rates anywhere.

Vietnamese used to mainly enjoy their booze perched on the small plastic chairs that festoon curbside beer joints.

But increasing wealth has brought new drinking options to a country which has no real notion of alcoholism and no specific word for a hangover.

Bars are still mainly the preserve of well-heeled expatriates and the Vietnamese elite, so beer clubs — with their music and air-conditioning — have sprung up over recent months as funkier alternative for young, local drinkers, many of them committed to the cause.

“The purpose of drinking is to get drunk. It will be a waste if you are not drunk,” 21-year-old Vo Van Bao told AFP outside The Hangover, where he had come on a recent Thursday evening with friends.

Despite the well-used “vomit sink” in the bathroom, The Hangover’s owner, who declined to give his name, told AFP he was aiming to create a family-friendly establishment.

“I want my people, my clients, to come into my club and have a little food, have a little beer, have a little fun and go home,” he said.

Vietnam is the third-largest beer consumer in Asia, behind Japan and China, and the leading consumer in Southeast Asia, out-drinking even wealthier Thailand, according to industry figures.

The rate of beer drinking in Vietnam has increased by more than 200 percent over the past 10 years, state media recently reported, due in part to rising levels of disposable incomes and demographics — a million people reach the legal drinking age of 18 each year.

In this picture taken on Dec. 7, 2014, men drink ‘bia hoi,’ a local light beer, during a local beer festival in Hanoi. (AFP Photo/Hoang Dinh Nam)

Trouble brewing

For now Vietnam barely makes it into the world’s top 100 per capita alcohol consumers, according to World Health Organization statistics, far behind big-drinking Russia, Britain and France.

But the statistics are skewed because fewer than 2 percent of Vietnamese women drink alcohol at all, according to WHO technical officer Phuong Nam Nguyen.

That leaves it to the men, one quarter of whom drink at “harmful” levels — defined as six or more drinks per session, WHO research indicates.

“It is becoming a serious health challenge in Vietnam,” Phuong told AFP. “There are many associated problems — liver cirrhosis, road traffic accidents, domestic violence.”

Sixty percent of domestic violence incidents in Vietnam are linked to alcohol, government research shows, and excessive alcohol consumption is resulting in rising incidents of non-communicable diseases like cancer and diabetes.

Efforts to restrict consumption — from a proposed 10 p.m. alcohol sales ban to plans to limit beer sales to air-conditioned venues — have been widely mocked in the state-run press and rapidly abandoned.

State media reports says drinkers in Hanoi alone are expected to down nearly 200 million liters of alcohol consumption for the forthcoming Tet New Year festival.

It is all part of Vietnam’s robust drinking culture — one local saying declares: ‘a man without alcohol is like a flag without wind.’

“This [idea] is deeply rooted in our culture and will take a long time to change,” said WHO’s Phuong.

This picture taken on Dec. 13, 2014 shows a man drinking beer from a tower as his friends look on at a local open-air beer bar in downtown Ho Chi Minh City. (AFP Photo/Hoang Dinh Nam)

What’s your poison?

Beer is particularly big business in Vietnam, which consumes around 3 billion liters annually.

The market is dominated by three companies and every major town has its own brew — from Beer Saigon in southern Ho Chi Minh City, to Beer La Rue in the central areas, to Hanoi beer in the northern capital.

International drinks giants are hoping to persuade Vietnam’s beer drinkers to move onto harder liquors, despite heavy taxes and a ban on advertising spirits.

With a population of some 90 million, half of whom are under 30, and a rapidly expanding middle class, Vietnam is a key market for companies such as Diageo, which produces Johnny Walker whiskey among many other brands.

The company says consumption is not actually that high, with Vietnamese drinking less than the French per capita, but it remains an enticing business prospect.

“There is a fake perception that Vietnam is drinking too much, it isn’t true,” said Stephane Gripon, General manager, Diageo in Vietnam.

“They drink in a reasonable way and their consumption of spirits is... still very low,” he added.

That is not always the case for Vietnam’s beer boys.

On a recent Wednesday lunchtime in the capital Hanoi, Nguyen Van Thanh a 42-year-old construction engineer sat with a friend drinking at a bia hoi — a roadside restaurant serving fresh-brewed beer. Around 10 empty beer bottles were on the table.

“I drink every day, beer or spirits. I know it is not good for my health, but it’s hard to give up this habit,” he told AFP.

“Sometimes, I can do business only if we’ve drunk together. It’s also hard to say no when you’re invited to drink — we say ‘no alcohol, no party.’”

Agence France-Presse