Toronto. The recent deaths of three North American athletes have nudged the spotlight away from doping and concussions onto another of sport’s darkest secrets — depression.
It has been a tragic off-season for National Hockey League players and fans, who have been rocked by the deaths of Canadians Rick Rypien, 27, and 28-year-old Derek Boogaard.
The Olympic community has also been shaken by the suicide of 29-year-old US freestyle skier Jeret ‘Speedy’ Peterson, a silver medalist in the aerials at the 2010 Vancouver Olympics.
While drug-testing and concussion prevention are now discussed openly, depression, a disease that affects millions, remains prevalent in professional sport but garners little attention until tragedy strikes.
Rypien, a scrappy forward who had just signed a one-year contract to play for the Winnipeg Jets, was found dead in his apartment on Monday. The coroner has yet to determine the cause of death but Rypien had grappled with depression for a decade.
New York Ranger Boogaard, one of the NHL’s most feared enforcers, was found dead in his apartment in May. His death was deemed an accident caused by a lethal cocktail of alcohol and painkillers.
Peterson, who had admitted to problems with alcohol and depression, was found dead from a self-inflicted gunshot in a remote canyon in Utah.
“I think there remains a significant stigma [about depression] in the general population but more so in the professional athlete,” said Dr. Don Malone, head of the Psychiatric Neuromodulation Center at the Cleveland Clinic.
“There’s an aspect to it in the athletes that they want to keep it hidden. Athletes are not immune. They can suffer silently.”
Rypien and Boogaard earned their living on the NHL’s unforgiving fringes, and were fighting to keep their places on their teams.
Rypien had sought help from the league’s substance abuse and behavior health program, which was put in place in 1996 to help players and their families deal with a variety of issues from grief counseling to drug abuse and depression.
About 14.8 million Americans are diagnosed with depression each year. About seven million receive treatment, according to Dr. Alan Manevitz, a clinical psychiatrist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York.