Naybyidaw. British Prime Minister David Cameron arrived in Myanmar on Friday for the first visit by a Western leader in decades as world powers consider lifting sanctions against the former pariah state.
Cameron was due to hold talks with Myanmar’s reformist President Thein Sein as well as opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi during the one-day visit, which follows the end of nearly half a century of military rule last year.
Britain — Burma’s former colonial ruler — has traditionally taken a hard-line stance on sanctions because of human rights concerns, but it has recently shown signs of softening its position.
“Where reform is beginning, like in Burma, we must get behind it,” Cameron told university students in Jakarta on Thursday during a regional tour that has also taken him to Japan and Malaysia.
He paid tribute to “the inspirational Aung San Suu Kyi” and praised Thein Sein for moves such as the release of political prisoners and by-elections this month that gave the Nobel Peace laureate her first-ever seat in parliament.
“And let us show that when they have the courage to reform, we have the courage to respond,” Cameron added.
A steady stream of foreign dignitaries, including US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and British Foreign Secretary William Hague, have visited Myanmar since a new quasi-civilian government took power last year.
But Cameron is the first Western head of government to go there since the military seized power in 1962, ushering in almost half a century of repressive junta rule and isolation from the West.
The British premier flew into the regime’s showpiece capital Naypyidaw, according to an AFP reporter, where he was due to hold a one-on-one meeting with Thein Sein followed by lunch with the ex-general.
He will then travel to the former capital Yangon for talks with Suu Kyi, who spent much of the past 22 years locked up at the hands of the former junta.
The veteran dissident holds huge influence in the United States and Europe, particularly London, and a move on sanctions would almost certainly need her support.
The 27-nation European Union already lifted some restrictions against the regime this year and foreign ministers will decide the next steps when they meet on April 23.
If Burma can persuade Cameron that reforms will continue, the EU could agree to a “substantial relaxation of sanctions,” said Derek Tonkin, a former British ambassador to Thailand and an advocate of engagement with Naypyidaw.
He added, however, that the impact of EU sanctions had been limited and moves to end the stigma of doing business in Burma could be more significant.
“I think as far as most people are concerned, they would like the discouragement of trade, investment and tourism — which has been the particular British hallmark — to stop so that it’s OK for Standard Chartered, HSBC, Shell and BP and other British companies to go in,” Tonkin said.
In February, the European Union lifted a travel ban on 87 Burma officials, including Thein Sein, but kept an assets freeze against them.
Other sanctions include an arms embargo, a ban on gems and an assets freeze on nearly 500 people and 900 entities.
Foreign ministers from the Group of Eight world powers — Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia and the United States — on Thursday welcomed “significant steps” by Burma toward democratic reform.
“The ministers will consider the easing of sanctions to help this country embed reform and fully integrate into international and regional political and economic processes,” they said in a final statement after talks in Washington.
Cameron is accompanied by a group of British corporate executives, but because of the sanctions they are expected to refrain from any business-related activities.